• Pasco School District offers a variety of courses for students at the high school level. Students may enroll full-time or part-time with iPAL in agreement with their home high school. Students wishing to enroll will need to work with their counselor for a referral as a part of the process. Students are offered original credit courses. Should a student need credit recovery courses, they need to work with their school counselor to complete at their home school.

    Grades 9 - 12 High School iPAL Course Offerings and Descriptions

    ENGLISH
    9 English
    : This freshman-year English course invites students to explore diverse texts organized into thematic units. While critically reading fiction, poetry, drama and literary nonfiction, students will master comprehension and literary-analysis strategies. Interwoven in the lessons across two semesters are activities that encourage students to strengthen their oral language skills and produce clear, coherent writing. 
     
    10 English: This sophomore-year English course invites students to explore a diverse selection of world literature organized into thematic units. While critically reading fiction, poetry, drama and expository nonfiction, students learn essential reading comprehension strategies and engage in literary analysis and evaluation of both classic and contemporary works. Interwoven in the lessons across two semesters are activities that encourage students to strengthen their listening and speaking skills and produce clear, coherent writing.

    11 English: This junior-year English course invites students to delve into American literature, from early American Indian voices through thoughtful contemporary works. Students will engage in literary analysis and inferential evaluation of great texts, the centerpieces of this course. Interwoven in the lessons across two semesters are tasks that encourage students to strengthen their oral language skills and produce creative, coherent writing.

    World Literature:  This senior-year English course invites you to explore a diverse collection of texts organized into thematic units. You will engage in literary analysis and inferential evaluation of both classic and contemporary literature. Tasks will encourage you to strengthen your oral language skills and produce creative, coherent writing. You will read a range of classic texts including the ancient epic Gilgamesh as well as Shakespeare's Hamlet. You will study short but complex texts, including essays by Jonathan Swift and Mary Wollstonecraft, and influential speeches along with modern and contemporary texts round out the course.

    AP 11 English:  Students in AP English Language and Composition study how writers use language to create meaning. Students will read and analyze a variety of nonfiction genres including essays, journalism articles, political writings, science writings, nature writings, autobiographies, biographies, diaries, speeches, historical writings and criticisms. The main focus is on writing expository, analytical and argumentative essays and analyzing the works of writers who are listed in the AP English course description. The class is structured around teaching reading and writing skills, honed by the close reading and writing of original student essays, many of which result from several revisions.

    AP 12 English: AP English Literature and Composition is designed to be a college-level course. This course equips students to critically analyze all forms of literature to comment insightfully about an author or genre's use of style or literary device. As students consider style and devices, they will apply them to their creative writing. In addition to exposing students to college-level English coursework, this course prepares them for the AP exam. 

    SOCIAL STUDIES
    NW History
    : This trimester-long course examines major events in Washington history, culture and government. Students investigate the geography of the state, the cultures of its earliest peoples, and the impact of the creation of the Washington Territory. Throughout the course, themes such as social history, the effects of migration, the principles of a democratic government, and the relationship between humans and their environment are examined to allow students to draw connections between the past and the present, across cultures in Washington, and among multiple perspectives.  

    Geography: Examining current global issues that impact our world today, this trimester-long course takes a thematic approach to understanding the development of human systems, human understanding of the world and human social organization. This course will challenge students to develop geographic skills, including learning to interpret maps, analyze data, and compare theories. This course encourages students to analyze economic trends as well as compare global markets and urban environments. 

    Early Modern World History and Contemporary World History: This course is split into two independent trimesters. It examines the major events and turning points of world history from the Enlightenment to the present. Students investigate the foundational ideas that shaped the modern world in the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Asia and the Americas, and then explore the economic, political and social revolutions that have transformed human history.  

    US History 1 & 2: U.S. History is a two-trimester long course that dynamically explores the people, places, and events that shaped early United States history. This first trimester stretches from the Era of Exploration through the Industrial Revolution, leading students through a careful examination of the defining moments that paved the way for the United States of today. As they study the early history of the United States, students will learn critical thinking skills by examining the constitutional foundations of U.S. government. In the second trimester students will learn about major events that lead to turning points of U.S. history from the Industrial Revolution through the modern age. The course leads students toward a clearer understanding of the patterns, processes, and people that have shaped U.S. history. As students progress through each era of modern U.S. history, they will study the impact of dynamic leadership and economic and political change on our country’s rise to global prominence.

    Civics:  This trimester-long course provides students with a practical understanding of the principles and procedures of government. The course begins by establishing the origins and founding principles of American government. After a rigorous review of of the Constitution and its amendments, students investigate the development and extension of civil rights and liberties. Lessons also introduce influential Supreme Court decisions to demonstrate the impact and importance of constitutional rights. 

    CWP:  Topics in this trimester-long course include human rights, environmental issues, globalization and the economy, and civil action and responsibility. 
     
    Psychology:  This one-trimester course introduces high school students to the study of psychology and helps them master fundamental concepts in research, theory and human behavior. Students analyze human growth, learning, personality, and behavior from the perspective of major theories within psychology, including biological, psychosocial and cognitive perspectives. 

    AP Psychology: The AP Psychology course introduces students to the scientific study of the behaviors and mental processes of human beings. Students will study a wide range of topics, including the history and approaches of psychology, research methods, behavior and learning, personality, and abnormal behavior and its treatment. In addition, students will be exposed to a wide variety of activities, readings, and research studies during the course.

    Sociology: Providing insight into the human dynamics of our diverse society, this is an engaging one-trimester course that delves into the fundamental concepts of sociology. This interactive course, designed for high school students, covers cultural diversity and conformity, basic structures of society, individuals and socialization, stages of human development as they relate to sociology and many other exciting topics. 
     
    MATH
    Algebra 1 & 2
    : This course is divided into two trimesters and focuses on five critical areas:  relationships between quantities and reasoning with equations, linear and exponential relationships, descriptive statistics, expressions and equations and quadratic functions and modeling. Standards of mathematical practice and process are embedded throughout the course, as students make sense of problem situations, solve novel problems, reason abstractly and think critically. 

    Geometry 1 & 2: Based on plane Euclidean geometry, this rigorous course is broken into two trimesters and addressses the critical areas of:  congruence, proof, and constructions; similarity and trigonometry; circles; three-dimensional figures; and probabilty of compound events. Transformations and deductive reasoning are common threads throughout this course. The standards of mathematical practice are embedded throughout the course as students apply geometric concepts in modeling situations, make sense of problem situations, solve novel problems, reason abstractly and think critically. 

    Trigonometry: In this one-trimester course, students use their geometry and algebra skills to begin their study of trigonometry. Students will be required to express understanding using qualitative, quantitative, algebraic and graphing skills. This course begins with a quick overview of right triangle relationships before introducing trigonometric functions and their applications. The course ends with an introduction to the polar coordinate system, complex numbers and DeMoivre's Theorem.  

    Algebra 3 & 4
    : This two-trimester course focuses on functions, polynomials, periodic phenomena, and collecting and analyzing data. Students will make connections between verbal, numeric, algebraic, and graphical representations of functions and apply this knowledge as they create equations and inequalities that can be used to model and solve mathematical and real-world problems. Process standards are embedded throughout the course, as students solve novel problems, reason abstractly and think critically. 

    Precalculus 1 & 2: With an emphasis on function families and their representations, Precalculus is a thoughtful introduction to advanced studies leading to calculus. The course briefly reviews linear equations, inequalities, and systems and moves purposefully into the study of functions. Students then discover the nature of graphs and deepen their understanding of polynomial, rational, exponential, and logarithmic functions. The course leads students through an advanced study of trigonometric functions, matrices and vectors. 

    Statistics 1 & 2: This two-trimester high school course provides an alterative math credit for students who may not wish to pursue more advanced mathematics courses such as Algebra and Precalculus. It begins with an in-depth study of probability, with a focus on conceptual understanding moving into an exploration of sampling and comparing populations. In the second trimester, students create and analyze scatterplots and begin a basic study of regression and finally, students return to probability at a more advanced level.
     
    SCIENCE
    Biology 1 & 2:  This compelling two-trimester course engages students in the study of life and living organisms and examines biology and biochemistry in the real world. This course encompasses traditional concepts of biology and encourages exploration of new discoveries in this field of science. The components include biochemistry, cell biology, cell processes, heredity and reproduction, the evolution of life, taxonomy, human body systems and ecology. This course includes both hands-on wet labs and virtual lab options. 

    Chemistry 1 & 2:  This rigorous two-trimester course engages students in the study of the composition, properties, changes and interactions of matter. The components of this course include chemistry and its methods, the composition and properties of matter, changes and interactions of matter, factors affecting the interactions of matter, electrochemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, nuclear chemistry, mathematical applications and applications of chemistry in the real world. 

    Environmental Science 1 & 2: Environmental science is a captivating and rapidly expanding field, and this two-trimester course offers compelling lessons that cover many different aspects of the field:  ecology, the biosphere, land, forests and soil, water, energy and resources, and societies and policies. Through unique activities and material, high school students connect scientific theory and concepts to current, real-world dilemmas, providing them with opportunities for mastery in each of the segments throughout the trimester. 

    Physics 1 & 2:  This two-trimester course acquaints students with topics in classical and modern physics. The course emphasizes conceptual understanding of basic physic principles, including Newtonian mechanics, energy, thermodynamics, waves, electricity, magnetism, and nuclear and modern physics. Throughout the course, students solve mathematical problems, reason abstractly, and learn to think critically about the physical world. 
      

    ELECTIVES
    Art Appreciation 1 & 2
    : Introducing art within historical, social, geographical, political and religious contexts for understanding art and architecture through the ages, Art History offers high school students an in-depth overview of art throughout history, with lessons organized by chronological and historical order and world regions. Students enrolled in this two-trimester course will cover topics including early Medieval and Romanesque art through modern art in Europe and the Americas.

    Intro to Art 1 & 2: Covering art appreciation and the beginning of art history, Intro to Art encourages students to gain an understanding and appreciation of art in their everday lives. Presented in an engaging format, this two-trimester course provides an overview of many introductory themes; the definition of art, the cultural purpose of art, visual elements of art, terminology and principles of design, and two- and three-dimensional media and techniques. 

    Health: This trimester-long course examines and analyzes various health topics. It places alcohol use, drug use, physical fitness, healthy relationships, disease prevention, relationships and mental health in context of the importance of creating a healthy lifestyle. Students also examine and analyze harassment and bullying laws, as well as issues of sex and gender identity, same-sex relationships, contraception and other sensitive topics. 

    PE 1 Freshman Fitness:  Exploring fitness topics such as safe exercise and injury prevention, nutrition and weight management, consumer product evaluation, and stress management, PE 1 equips high school students with the skills they need to achieve lifetime fitness. Students assess individual fitness levels according to the five components of physical fitness:  cardiovascular health, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. Students are also encouraged to design fitness programs to meet their individual fitness goals. 

    PE 2 Sports and Fitness: Exploring a combination of health and fitness concepts, PE 2 is a comprehensive and cohesive course that explores all aspects of wellness. This course uses pedagogical planning to ensure that students explore fitness and physical health and encourages students to learn about the nature of social interactions and how to plan a healthy lifestyle. 

    PE 3 Lifetime Sports: Exploring fitness topics such as safe exercise and injury prevention, nutrition and weight management, consumer product evaluation and stress management, PE 3 equips high school students with the skills they need to achieve lifetime fitness. Personal fitness assessments encourage students to design fitness programs to meet their individual fitness goals. 

    Financial Literacy: This one-trimester elective prepares students to navigate personal finance with confidence. The course opens with a study of what it means to be financially responsible, engaging students in budgeting, planning and being a smart consumer. Students learn about the relationship between education, employment, income and net worth, and they plan for the cost of college. The course concludes with an in-depth case study about starting a business. 

    Speech 1 & 2:  Beginning with an introduction that builds student understanding of the elements, principles and characteristics of human communication, this course offers fascinating insight into verbal and nonverbal messages and cultural and gender differences in the areas of listening and responding. The course concludes with units in informative and persuasive speeches, and students are given the opporunity to critique and analyze speeches in the course.